The History of Payroll Taxes in the United States, Part 2

From 1913 on, tax law significantly expanded to include corporate and individual income taxes. 1918 saw additional expansion to include foreign tax credit and more income and deduction items.

1926 saw Title 26 come to be which formed the Internal Revenue Code and the US Code which included things like gift and estate provisions. The IRS was reorganized in 1954 to the IRS we know today.

WWI saw federal taxes expanding. Andrew Mellon who served as Secretary of the Treasury and was quite a wealthy businessman  suggested that income tax reduction could spur growth. Multiple cuts were made, the last was the year before the Great Depression hit in 1929. Income taxes were raised again towards the end of the Depression and WWII and then reduced time and time again in the following presidencies. Bush’s second presidency also featured big cuts for corporations and the wealthy.

1986 saw a thousand pages of new IRS Code which included lowered tax rates, new international rules, lowered capital gain taxes, and much more. Not surprisingly, the tax code has been modified 34 out of 97 years(1913-2010)!

What will the future of payroll taxes hold?

Research from Wikipedia.

The History of Payroll Taxes in the United States, Part 1

The United States currently has one of the most progressive tax systems in the industrialized world…but it wasn’t always that way. Currently, taxes from all sources (federal, state and local) add up to 24.8% of GDP and are based on net income of individuals and corporations.

Before 1776, taxes were paid to the United Kingdom by the Colonies who also imposed local taxes. Originally, when the United States was formed, the Articles of Confederation did not give the federal government the power to tax and left that to the States. However, in 1787, the US Constitution did give the federal government that power BUT a portion of those taxes had to be given back to the states based on population. Tariffs were the primary form of taxation during this time and throughout the 1800s.

Property taxes became the primary source of tax income, however a shift needed to occur to tax intangible property such as corporate stock…

In 1837, some states added income and property taxes. (In 1911, Wisconsin became the first to adopt individual and corporate tax). The Revenue Act of 1861 allowed a federal income tax until after the Civil War but was then found unconstitutional. It wasn’t until the 16th Amendment in 1913, that the federal government was granted the power to levy income tax on both property and labor and included corporate and individual income tax.

Next week: Payroll tax’s journey from 1913 to present day

Research from Wikipedia.

How do I comply with the Reporting of Employer Sponsored Health Care on my W2s?

How do I comply with the Reporting of Employer Sponsored Health Care on my W2s in my CheckMark Payroll Software?
Note: This reporting is NOT required for 2011, but will be mandatory for certain employers starting in 2012. For more information, refer to the IRS Notice 2011-28.

Continue using your Health Insurance deduction for the employee as you normally would. The reporting of the Employer Sponsored Health Care will not change what you are currently doing with your employee’s insurance AND this amount you’re reporting for the Employer Sponsored Health Care is NOT taxable and the values are NOT included in the employee’s taxable income.

Set this up at Year End:
1. Setup an Additional Income category as a Fixed Amount (0.00), Omit from net and exempt from ALL taxes. Check Box 12 and enter Code DD.
2. Assign the income to all employees that receive this benefit and enter the amount paid by the employer for each employee under the YTD tab at the end of the year..
It will show on the W2 in Box 12 with Code DD – it does NOT show on the W3.

2014 Small Business Week Winners & Summary

Thank you everyone who participated in our National Small Business Week conversations! A big congrats to our winners Arthur and Sheila who won the iPod Shuffles for their participation.

Here are some of the responses we received throughout the week:

How did you start your business?

  • My husband and I owned an independent insurance agency that we purchased in 1986. In 1994, we realized our sons were getting older and we needed to start planning for college. In the insurance business, the more you grow your business, the more paper and processing there is, so the more help you need, and the more expense plus we had a partner that was older and considering retiring so the more we grew the business to try to make more money, the more the business would be worth when we had to buy him out. SO, we decided to purchase a restaurant that was for sale. It has been a great business. Both our sons worked there through their teen years and until college and still come back once in a while to help Mom out! It taught them to make their own money, work hard, do things right and be great businessmen now that they are adults!
  • My father started our Smutzer’s Club Tavern business in 1968 after closing his small neighborhood grocery store. It has been in the family for 46 years.
  • I was in the furniture industry for 26 years as a salesperson-store manager and district manager.  I decided it was time to open my own store.  With my vendor contacts I was able to get 90 days aging on my starting flooring merchandise orders.  I used my own credit to borrow against since no banks would dare give us a loan to start out in 2003.  I took a class in starting up a business and developed a detailed business plan.  I opened the store in a empty building that by ex- employer owned and got a great lease.
  • I am a small business owner because the banker I worked for stopped doing income tax for the customers. I started on my own and have tried many programs. I seem to like this one best of all I have tried over the years. I could have more business however I should be thinking about retirement soon. Fifty years of doing this type of business is enough.
  • The Appraisal districts for the State of Texas were created  in 1981.  We are a political subdivision of the state not a for profit business.

What is your favorite moment or memory as a small business owner? 

  • Some of my favorite times of being a small business owner is when former employees stop in and give me a hug and say some of their best times as a youth were working at Pizza Unlimited! I’ve employed a LOT of high school kids through the years, most at age 16 as their first time job and most would stay until they left for college and some through college. I love watching how they change from that young wide eyed kid to an responsible adult and grow in every aspect. I love how they come back with their husbands/wives and children and tell stories of their great time working for me. I have a LOT of “kids” out there!
  • The first sale of a loveseat to an elderly couple before the store even opened.
  • Having the opportunity to learn about a different type of accounting.

What advice would you give yourself when you were just starting out your business now that you are older and wiser?

  • As a small business, everyone has “suggestions” on how you can run your business. YOU have to make those decisions and do what is best for you and your business. Over the years I’ve had many customers request that I add on, expand, etc but I would always laugh and say “I would rather be smaller and full then big and empty”. I’ve watch other businesses listen to the well meaning advice of their customers and try to offer EVERYTHING requested on their menu and have added on to their business or expanded to several locations and they find it’s never enough and you end up strapped and most times in financial trouble. You need to concentrate on what you do best and don’t try to be everything to everyone. Take requests into consideration and if it’s something that you can easily or feasibly add or change and it will benefit more than a few, then do it. If it won’t, then say thank you and move on, doing what you do best!
  • Cash flow, cash flow, cash flow understand it and stay on top of it.  Need to know everything about how the business runs and oversee everything.
  • Make sure that you have more than you plan for in the capital asset area.

What is the biggest struggle you’ve faced as a small business owner and what did you do to overcome that struggle?

  • In the beginning, my biggest problem was taking over a business and keeping on the former owner and top employees to teach and train me in the business. After just a few weeks, I realized this was MY business and I needed to take the reins and learn it and I couldn’t let old ideas and way of running the business overshadow my gut instinct on what was right and wrong. If you’re going to buy a business, learn it quick, read and study others and make decisions on what is right for YOUR business. After 20 years, the biggest struggle I have now is the economy. Rising cost of goods prices and wages and not being able to raise prices to offset those additional expenses is a real problem. When you live in a small community, you know people are struggling and are cutting back and raising prices will just push them to not patronize you even more so you just have make cuts other places where you can and keep plugging and serving your area and pray that things start back on the upswing!
  • Having a partner that was stealing from the company.  Did a company audit and have filed a law suit to recoup my loses.
  • Taxes, Taxes, and more TAXES!!! Property taxes, income taxes, excise taxes, sales taxes.
  • Making sure that the staff has been compensated through wages and benefits that is equal to or greater than the market share at any time. 

What is your favorite part of being a small business owner?

  • Not having to answer to a boss and constantly having to answer the phone.  Having  a little more freedom to do what I want with the business but keeping an eye on daily changes within the business.
  • Having been a small business owner in the past the best part is not having that responsibility anymore.



Small Business Week Day 5

It’s Friday! Today is the final day of Small Business Week so share your story be entered for a chance to win one of two iPod shuffles. We’ve decided to announce the winners on Monday so there’s enough time to answer the final question :)

Question of the Day: What is your favorite part of being a small business owner?